(*.104.48.48) 조회 수 11414 추천 수 0 댓글 0
?

단축키

Prev이전 문서

Next다음 문서

크게 작게 위로 아래로 댓글로 가기 인쇄
?

단축키

Prev이전 문서

Next다음 문서

크게 작게 위로 아래로 댓글로 가기 인쇄

New partnership raises US stake in Afghanistan

By Arthur I. Cyr

In a surprise July 7 visit to Kabul, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced that Afghanistan and the United States are now formal allies. This new relationship goes beyond the long-term multilateral effort to stabilize the troubled South Asia nation, under authorization from the United Nations andNATO.

@multilateral: multinational
@NATO
: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

Afghanistan now joins 14 other nations in the special category of strategic partner of the U.S. These include Argentina, Australia, Israel and Japan, notably stronger economically, and more stable politically, than Afghanistan.

Clinton's announcement raises the already high stakes involved for the United States.

The new bilateral partnership will facilitate closer cooperation, including more rapid delivery of military equipment, supplies and weapons. This in turn becomes more important as American forces leave that country.

             @in turn: one after another

After the announcement, Clinton and Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai traveled to a conference in Tokyo, where donor nations pledged $16 billion in new development assistance to Afghanistan.

This latest move occurs simultaneously with the administration's disengagement from direct military combat in Afghanistan. President Barack Obama laid out elements in this process in a major policy address to the nation in June 2011. Among other steps, he announced that all 33,000 troops authorized in the "surge" of December 2009 would leave by the end of summer 2012.

             @lay out: to arrange or spread out
             @surge: suddenly increase or develop slowly

Obama, Clinton and associates express carefully phrased optimism about stabilizing Afghanistan and relations with neighboring Pakistan, yet the insurgents continue to mount daring operations. Dramatic insurgent strikes are now an established feature of this war.

             @insurgent: protest against govn’t

Last April, the Taliban carried out a stunning raid and mass prison break in the town of Bannu in Pakistan, near North Waziristan, a tribal area with strong sympathy for Islamic radicalism. A lengthy gun battle freed approximately 400 prisoners. The Pakistan military, though extensively engaged in counterinsurgency operations in the area, didn't arrive in time to prevent the mass escape. Speculation about inside assistance continues.

             @raid: sudden attack
             @tribal: used to describe things relating to or belonging to tribes

The U.S. has been actively pressuring Pakistani forces to be more aggressive.

The weekend meetings in Kabul and Tokyo provided welcome opportunities for allied leaders to demonstrate cohesion as well as continuing commitment to defeating the Taliban, al-Qaida and associated groups.

             @commitment: strong belief and idea or system

Economic and military assistance remains essential to this international initiative. Four years ago, leaders representing the Group of Eight major industrial nations committed approximately $4 billion in economic aid to Afghanistan. Much of this aid is being concentrated in the tribal areas bordering Pakistan.

The lengthy and often-frustrating nature of the South Asia struggle can mask positive political changes, including reasonably honest elections and active participation of women. Despite lack of infrastructure, technology is spreading steadily. Television, cellphones and the Internet are now features of isolated communities.

As usual, history is instructive ― and somewhat encouraging. While much commentary on Afghanistan's violent past refers to the heavy-handed, disastrous Soviet military invasion and consequent defeat in the 1980s, the more complex, extremely long-term history of Britain's engagement there is generally neglected.

@commentary: a description of an event on radio or television while the event is taking plase

Over decades through the 19th century, sizable British military expeditions experienced frustration. However, London eventually achieved a reliable regime in Kabul through economic incentives combined with military operations.

The paramount lesson is not to rely on military force alone.

Arthur I. Cyr is Clausen Distinguished Professor at Carthage College in Kenosha, Wis., and author of "After the Cold War." Email acyr@carthage.edu.

?

  1. No Image

    Fish Adjusts Its Shape to Lure Hungry Females

    Fish Adjusts Its Shape to Lure Hungry Females By NICHOLAS BAKALAR Published: July 16, 2012 The male of a small freshwater fish, the swordtail characin, tempts females with an ornamental lure that looks like food. Females react by biting at the stalk t...
    Date2012.07.19 CategoryArticles Views35045
    Read More
  2. No Image

    New partnership raises US stake in Afghanistan

    New partnership raises US stake in Afghanistan By Arthur I. Cyr In a surprise July 7 visit to Kabul, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced that Afghanistan and the United States are now formal allies. This new relationship goes beyond th...
    Date2012.07.19 CategoryArticles Views11414
    Read More
  3. No Image

    May 9, 2012 - Terror Plot Foiled

    Terror Plot Foiled Aired May 9, 2012 - 04:00:00 ET MADISON WATKINS (ph): Hi, my name is Madison Watkins (ph), 11th grader at Fayetteville High School in Fayetteville, Arkansas. My favorite teacher is Ms. Burnett (ph), because she`s always willing to h...
    Date2012.07.19 CategoryCNN Students News Views20651
    Read More
  4. No Image

    A Mix of Hope and Fear as Mongolia Grows Rich

    A Mix of Hope and Fear as Mongolia Grows Rich By DAN LEVIN Published: July 15, 2012 ULAN BATOR, Mongolia — Three kinds of foreigners, they say, prowl the world’s energy frontiers: missionaries, misfits and mercenaries. @prowl: moves around an area qui...
    Date2012.07.16 CategoryArticles Views18952
    Read More
  5. No Image

    Korea’s weak currency strategy

    Korea’s weak currency strategy By John Burton The value of the Korean won continues to fall and is soon likely to breach the threshold of 1,200 to the U.S. dollar. Hail to the almighty weak won. @hail: to describe someone or something as being very go...
    Date2012.07.16 CategoryArticles Views6698
    Read More
  6. No Image

    Small Is So Beautiful

    Small Is So Beautiful By GAIL COLLINS Published: July 11, 2012 Our subject for today is the care and feeding of small businesses. “I love you guys,” Mitt Romney told a teleconference hosted by the National Federation of Independent Business. “I love t...
    Date2012.07.13 CategoryArticles Views17838
    Read More
  7. No Image

    Cold War Shadows

    Cold War Shadows By John J. Metzler UNITED NATIONS ― Shadows of the Cold War returned to the U.N. during the recent elections for President of the General Assembly where a previously agreed to candidate from Lithuania was challenged, and subsequently ...
    Date2012.07.13 CategoryArticles Views10217
    Read More
  8. No Image

    May 11, 2012 - Election Results from France and Greece; Shaquille O`Neal`s Favorite Teacher

    Election Results from France and Greece; Shaquille O`Neal`s Favorite Teacher Aired May 11, 2012 - 04:00:00 ET SHAQUILLE O`NEAL, FORMER NBA PLAYER: Hi, I`m Dr. Shaquille O`Neal, and you`re watching CNN Student News. CARL AZUZ, HOST, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Y...
    Date2012.07.13 CategoryCNN Students News Views43744
    Read More
  9. No Image

    May 14, 2012 - Greek Government Troubles; Spain`s Economic Woes

    Greek Government Troubles; Spain`s Economic Woes Aired May 14, 2012 - 04:00:00 ET CARL AZUZ, HOST, CNN STUDENT NEWS: A lost and found story that takes place in the world`s largest desert. The details on that are coming up as we kick off a new week of ...
    Date2012.07.12 CategoryCNN Students News Views26365
    Read More
  10. No Image

    Is Philosophy Literature?

    Is Philosophy Literature? By JIM HOLT Today, analytic philosophy has a broader scope than it used to. (Many of its qualities were examined in a previous post in this series by Gary Gutting, “Bridging the Analytic-Continental Divide.”) It’s less obsess...
    Date2012.07.12 CategoryArticles Views29757
    Read More
  11. No Image

    Life after Darwin

    Life after Darwin By Didier Raoult MARSEILLE ― Many Greek philosophers perceived the world to be in perpetual motion ― a process of constant evolution. In Charles Darwin’s world, however, creationism set the rules for science. So, underpinning his the...
    Date2012.07.12 CategoryArticles Views29854
    Read More
  12. No Image

    June 1, 2012 - Fighting in Syria; Michael Bloomberg Wants to Ban Large Sodas

    Fighting in Syria; Michael Bloomberg Wants to Ban Large Sodas Aired June 1, 2012 - 04:00:00 ET UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We`re the Carr (ph) Middle School Idea (ph) Students -- UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: -- from Pascagoula, Mississippi -- GROUP: And this is CNN ...
    Date2012.06.26 CategoryCNN Students News Views33949
    Read More
Board Pagination Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Next
/ 7